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To finish the stair the paint found on the newel post fragment was analyzed.  After the analysis, two layers of wood graining were found.  Wood graining is a process where two or more layers of paint are used realistically reproduce the look of exposed wood grains.  Wood graining was common in the 18th and 19th centuries when it was used to make more common woods, like pine, look like rarer woods such as mahogany.


The Madison-era graining is the reddish colored graining found under the later dark gray graining.